About us

Inclusive voting app 



The Hospital for Incurable Protestants

The Mémoire of a Collapsed Catholic

 This is the story of a pacifist in a conflict zone, in Northern Ireland and the Balkans.  Only in e-format, but only £5.15.  Available from Amazon.


About us

Visit us on Facebook

The de Borda Institute aims to promote the use of inclusive voting procedures on all contentious questions of social choice.

This applies specifically to decision-making, be it for the electorate in regional/national polls, for their elected representatives in councils and parliaments, for members of a local community group, for members of a company board, for members of a co-operative, and so on.




The director alongside the statue of Jean-Charles de Borda, capitaine et savant, in l’École Navale in Brest, 24.9.2010. Photo by Gwenaelle Bichelot. 

Powered by Squarespace
Annual Reports
Won by One

Welcome to the home page of the de Borda Institute, a Northern Ireland-based international organisation (an NGO) which aims to promote the use of inclusive voting procedures on all contentious questions of social choice. For more information use the menu options above or feel free to contact the organisation's headquarters. If you want to check the meaning of any of the terms used, then by all means have a look at this glossary.

As shown in these attachments, there are many decision-making and even more electoral systems.  Sometimes, for any one voters' profile - that is, the set of all their preferences - the outcome of any count may well depend on the voting procedure used.  In this very simple example of a few voters voting on just four options, and in these two hypothetical examples on five, (word document) or (power-point) in which a few cast their preferences on five options, the profiles are analysed according to different methodologies, and the winner could be any one of all the options.  Yet all of these methodologies are called democratic!  Extraordinary!


What's New?


2017-3 Deliberative Democracy

If the sample is good enough, the list of options thorough enough, and the consensus coefficient of the outcome high enough, the result should perhaps be binding.  It’s on



2017-2, brexit wrecks it

In February last year, we said if the brexit vote is to be, "EU, yes or no?" ('remain' or 'leave'), the answer will probably be 'no'.  And this year, another press release, we try again... and another.  See 2016-12.


2017-1 NI's dodgy elections

We try again, with this letter in the Irish News of 2nd Feb.  See also 2016-8


2016-16 Let the Dáil Elect the Government. 


The full write-up of the Ballymun experiment, (see 2016-5 and 2016-3), is in the Irish Journal of Social, Economic and Environmental Sustainability, IJSEES, 2017, Vol 1,  1.  (See also 2012-7 and 2011-5/6.)



2016-15 Italy, referendum: wrong question.

As in brexit, the Italian referendum asks the wrong question. Hence this press release.

Meanwhile, openDemocracy has published this on majoritarianism and its consequence: Trump.