About us

My TEDx talk from Vienna, is a major attack on Brexit: and a mild ticking off of the BBC, which never mentions preferential decision-making, Borda/Condorcet and so on.



A blog: I'm going to China. Starting in Vienna with a TEDx talk, I then head to Belgrade, Sarajevo, Istanbul, Tbilisi, Yerevan, Tehran and Kabul, before maybe catching a bus across Tajikistan to Kashgar, 喀什, in Xīnjiāng, 新疆, where I hope to buy a bicycle.  https://debordaabroad.wordpress.com/2017/09/07/de-borda-abroad/



Mulit-option and Preferential Referendums

Please sign the petition on



Inclusive voting app 




The Hospital for Incurable Protestants

The Mémoire of a Collapsed Catholic

 This is the story of a pacifist in a conflict zone, in Northern Ireland and the Balkans.  Only in e-format, but only £5.15.  Available from Amazon.



About us

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The de Borda Institute aims to promote the use of inclusive voting procedures on all contentious questions of social choice.

This applies specifically to decision-making, be it for the electorate in regional/national polls, for their elected representatives in councils and parliaments, for members of a local community group, for members of a company board, for members of a co-operative, and so on.




The director alongside the statue of Jean-Charles de Borda, capitaine et savant, in l’École Navale in Brest, 24.9.2010. Photo by Gwenaelle Bichelot. 

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Won by One

Welcome to the home page of the de Borda Institute, a Northern Ireland-based international organisation (an NGO) which aims to promote the use of inclusive voting procedures on all contentious questions of social choice. For more information use the menu options above or feel free to contact the organisation's headquarters. If you want to check the meaning of any of the terms used, then by all means have a look at this glossary.

As shown in these attachments, there are many decision-making and even more electoral systems.  Sometimes, for any one voters' profile - that is, the set of all their preferences - the outcome of any count may well depend on the voting procedure used.  In this very simple example of a few voters voting on just four options, and in these two hypothetical examples on five, (word document) or (power-point) in which a few cast their preferences on five options, the profiles are analysed according to different methodologies, and the winner could be any one of all the options.  Yet all of these methodologies are called democratic!  Extraordinary!


What's New?


2018-3 Ireland's Citizens' Assembly

Surely, now, at last, with Catalonia and Kurdistan so prominent in the news, Ireland's Citizens' Assembly will actually discuss multi-option referendums and preferential voting.  Here's our submission.  See 2017-12, 2017-11 and 2016-14.

And they've done it: the Citizens voted in favour of multi-option voting! Albeit in a majority vote. Ah well, can't be perfect.


2018-2 A second EU referendum?

Complex questions should not be reduced to simplistic dichotomies.  Hence openDemocracy's latest: https://www.opendemocracy.net/can-europe-make-it/peter-emerson/second-referendum-on-deal-with-eu-multi-option-poll  

See 2017-14.


2018-1 Elizabeth Meehan, RIP

Professor Emerita Elizabeth Meehan, RIP.

Elizabeth passed away on 6th January. She will be remembered not only as a stalwart supporter of all our 'de Borda' endeavours, but also as a lovely person and a very good friend.


2017-18 Green European Foundation


2017-17 Austria

The extremist FPÖ is now in government. Only because Austians (like so many others) use majority voting and believe in majority rule... the cause of so much bitterness and bloodshed. Germany also believes, and is in a state of impasse, while the Czech Republic has settled - if that's the right word - for a minority administration. Because they believe in majority rule? See 2017-13.