About us


A blog: " De Borda abroad."  A journey to China. Starting in Vienna with a TEDx talk, I go by bus and/or train for more debates in Belgrade, Sarajevo, Istanbul, Tbilisi, Yerevan and Tehran, before flying - sorry about that - to Urumqi in Xīnjiāng. But in every city, I have my little fold-up Brompton - the best way of exploring any new venue! It's all on:




Mulit-option and Preferential Referendums

Please sign the petition



Inclusive voting app 




The Hospital for Incurable Protestants

The Mémoire of a Collapsed Catholic

 This is the story of a pacifist in a conflict zone, in Northern Ireland and the Balkans.  Only in e-format, but only £5.15.  Available from Amazon.



About us

Visit us on Facebook

The de Borda Institute aims to promote the use of inclusive voting procedures on all contentious questions of social choice.

This applies specifically to decision-making, be it for the electorate in regional/national polls, for their elected representatives in councils and parliaments, for members of a local community group, for members of a company board, for members of a co-operative, and so on.




The director alongside the statue of Jean-Charles de Borda, capitaine et savant, in l’École Navale in Brest, 24.9.2010. Photo by Gwenaelle Bichelot. 

Powered by Squarespace
Won by One

Welcome to the home page of the de Borda Institute, a Northern Ireland-based international organisation (an NGO) which aims to promote the use of inclusive voting procedures on all contentious questions of social choice. For more information use the menu options above or feel free to contact the organisation's headquarters. If you want to check the meaning of any of the terms used, then by all means have a look at this glossary.

As shown in these attachments, there are many decision-making and even more electoral systems.  Sometimes, for any one voters' profile - that is, the set of all their preferences - the outcome of any count may well depend on the voting procedure used.  In this very simple example of a few voters voting on just four options, and in these two hypothetical examples on five, (word document) or (power-point) in which a few cast their preferences on five options, the profiles are analysed according to different methodologies, and the winner could be any one of all the options.  Yet all of these methodologies are called democratic!  Extraordinary!

Many parliaments have problems forming a government.  A graph of seven Western countries (because the West preaches inclusive governance to conflict zones) -  Austria, Belgium, Finland, Germany, Ireland, Netherlands and Spain, and the length of time it took for them to form an exclusive administration - is attached, and so is a key giving the exact number of days involved.

Full details of the matrix vote can be found on http://www.deborda.org/faq/voting-systems/what-is-a-matrix-vote.html

If those concerned are in (local or national) government and if, therefore, proportionality is important, then the QBS matrix vote should be used.  This means the first count is conducted according to the rules of QBS, so to identify the chosen members of cabinet.  The second count - the appointment of these individuals to particular posts - is under the rules of an MBC.

In those organisations where proportionality is not an overriding consideration - as in non-party parliaments such as in Nauru and Nunavut, or in busness and the community - both counts can be conducted according to the rules of an MBC.