About us

My TEDx talk from Vienna, is a major attack on Brexit: and a mild ticking off of the BBC, which never mentions preferential decision-making, Borda/Condorcet and so on.



But the Blog is on hold. I'm in Xīnjiāng, and, for the moment at least, the blog is blocked.

A blog: I'm going to China. Starting in Vienna with a TEDx talk, I then head to Belgrade, Sarajevo, Istanbul, Tbilisi, Yerevan, Tehran and Kabul, before maybe catching a bus across Tajikistan to Kashgar, 喀什, in Xīnjiāng, 新疆, where I hope to buy a bicycle.  https://debordaabroad.wordpress.com/2017/09/07/de-borda-abroad/



Mulit-option and Preferential Referendums

Please sign the petition on



Inclusive voting app 




The Hospital for Incurable Protestants

The Mémoire of a Collapsed Catholic

 This is the story of a pacifist in a conflict zone, in Northern Ireland and the Balkans.  Only in e-format, but only £5.15.  Available from Amazon.



About us

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The de Borda Institute aims to promote the use of inclusive voting procedures on all contentious questions of social choice.

This applies specifically to decision-making, be it for the electorate in regional/national polls, for their elected representatives in councils and parliaments, for members of a local community group, for members of a company board, for members of a co-operative, and so on.




The director alongside the statue of Jean-Charles de Borda, capitaine et savant, in l’École Navale in Brest, 24.9.2010. Photo by Gwenaelle Bichelot. 

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Won by One

Welcome to the home page of the de Borda Institute, a Northern Ireland-based international organisation (an NGO) which aims to promote the use of inclusive voting procedures on all contentious questions of social choice. For more information use the menu options above or feel free to contact the organisation's headquarters. If you want to check the meaning of any of the terms used, then by all means have a look at this glossary.

As shown in these attachments, there are many decision-making and even more electoral systems.  Sometimes, for any one voters' profile - that is, the set of all their preferences - the outcome of any count may well depend on the voting procedure used.  In this very simple example of a few voters voting on just four options, and in these two hypothetical examples on five, (word document) or (power-point) in which a few cast their preferences on five options, the profiles are analysed according to different methodologies, and the winner could be any one of all the options.  Yet all of these methodologies are called democratic!  Extraordinary!


What's New?


2011-5: The Matrix Vote

The Iraqi parliament took 249 days of embattled negotiations to form a government; a world record (which has now been captured by the Belgians).  With a matrix vote, it could have all been done in a forenoon. The Matrix Vote: Electing an all-party Coalition Cabinet is published in Voting Matters, No 29, and is available here.

(See also 2012-7 and 2011-6.)



2011-4: AV or FPP? The UK referendum 

'Do you want David Cameron's first preference or do you want to change to his second preference?'  {By his dictat, his (and our) other preferences are not up for discussion.}  The FPP versus AV debate has become very acrimonious.  Of course it has.  (And here's why.)


2011-3: Irish General Election, Feb 2011

The de Borda Institute was accreditied to observe the General Election, and here is the report.


2011-2: The Middle East

In pursuing a policy of democratisation, Egypt and Tunisia etc., should not adopt a form of governance based on majority rule; as per our letter in today's Guardian, 3.2.2011, an edited version of this original. A more detailed paper warns of the dangers of an adversarial structure, and suggests instead a more consensual one: it is attached here. (See also 2013-8.)

2011-1: The Next Scottish Referendum

The Next Scottish Referendum has just been published in Scottish Affairs, (No. 73, autumn 2010).

(See also 2014-12, 2013-15 and 2012-13/1.)