About us

My TEDx talk from Vienna, is a major attack on Brexit: and a mild ticking off of the BBC, which never mentions preferential decision-making, Borda/Condorcet and so on.



But the Blog is on hold. I'm in Xīnjiāng, and, for the moment at least, the blog is blocked.

A blog: I'm going to China. Starting in Vienna with a TEDx talk, I then head to Belgrade, Sarajevo, Istanbul, Tbilisi, Yerevan, Tehran and Kabul, before maybe catching a bus across Tajikistan to Kashgar, 喀什, in Xīnjiāng, 新疆, where I hope to buy a bicycle.  https://debordaabroad.wordpress.com/2017/09/07/de-borda-abroad/



Mulit-option and Preferential Referendums

Please sign the petition on



Inclusive voting app 




The Hospital for Incurable Protestants

The Mémoire of a Collapsed Catholic

 This is the story of a pacifist in a conflict zone, in Northern Ireland and the Balkans.  Only in e-format, but only £5.15.  Available from Amazon.



About us

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The de Borda Institute aims to promote the use of inclusive voting procedures on all contentious questions of social choice.

This applies specifically to decision-making, be it for the electorate in regional/national polls, for their elected representatives in councils and parliaments, for members of a local community group, for members of a company board, for members of a co-operative, and so on.




The director alongside the statue of Jean-Charles de Borda, capitaine et savant, in l’École Navale in Brest, 24.9.2010. Photo by Gwenaelle Bichelot. 

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Won by One

Welcome to the home page of the de Borda Institute, a Northern Ireland-based international organisation (an NGO) which aims to promote the use of inclusive voting procedures on all contentious questions of social choice. For more information use the menu options above or feel free to contact the organisation's headquarters. If you want to check the meaning of any of the terms used, then by all means have a look at this glossary.

As shown in these attachments, there are many decision-making and even more electoral systems.  Sometimes, for any one voters' profile - that is, the set of all their preferences - the outcome of any count may well depend on the voting procedure used.  In this very simple example of a few voters voting on just four options, and in these two hypothetical examples on five, (word document) or (power-point) in which a few cast their preferences on five options, the profiles are analysed according to different methodologies, and the winner could be any one of all the options.  Yet all of these methodologies are called democratic!  Extraordinary!


What's New?


2012-1: Scotland's Referendum

Both the British and the Scottish Governments have published papers on the proposed referendum.  Both want either one and/or two majority votes.  Neither talk about preference voting.  So we have responded: this one is to Edinburgh, and here's the London one.

(See also 2014-12, 2013-15, 2012-10 and 2011-1.)


2011-9: Defining Democracy - launch

Defining Democracy was launched in the House of Lords on Tues. 31st January 2012 by Lord Paddy Ashdown, Lord Mike Boyce, Prof. Elizabeth Meehan and Tommy Sands.  The book is now on-line at


"An extraordinary and quite remarkable conucopia indexof available [voting] systems." Paddy Ashdown.

(See also 2012-14/4/3.)


2011-8: The original BC and partial voting

The de Borda Institute has long since advocated the Modified Borda Count (MBC), but maybe this is what Jean-Charles de Borda had actually wanted. Social Choice and Welfare has now published the above, and it's available online on http://www.springerlink.com/content/k476366236x10402/

2011-7: Polish Green Network

"Towards a More Inclusive Democracy" is part of an anthology - Food and Democracy - edited by Marcin Gerwin and published by the Polish Green Network. And here it is.

2011-6: The latest on the Matrix Vote

I presented a paper to the EPSU conference in Dublin on why the matrix vote is so important, and here it is.  It includes a modification to the ideas published in Voting Matters No 29, and this improvement is in this brief extract.

(See also 2012-7 and 2011-5.)